France braces for more violence as government hints at further concessions
The French government hinted at more concessions to "yellow vest" protesters on Thursday in a bid to head off another wave of violence in Paris over living costs and regain the initiative after weeks of civil unrest.
With protesters calling on social media for a fourth weekend of protest, Prime Minister Édouard Philippe said 89,000 security force members with 8,000 in Paris would be out to stop a repeat of last Saturday's mayhem in the capital, when rioters torched cars and looted shops off the famed Champs Elysée.
Several museums, including the Louvre, and two theaters in the city centre have announced they will not open that day. Police have also urged shops near the Champs Elysée to close as a precaution.
The Paris Opera has cancelled planned performances on its two Parisian sites. Two music festivals have also been postponed and at least four first division football matches have been cancelled. The Arc de Triomphe remains closed since last weekend's protest damaged the monument.
Philippe told the Senate he was open to new measures to help the lowest-paid workers. Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire said he was prepared to accelerate tax cuts for households and that he wanted workers' bonuses to be tax-free.
"I am ready to look at all measures that will help raise the pay of those on the minimum wage without doing excessive damage to our competitiveness and businesses," Philippe told the parliament's upper house.
The rush of sweeteners to soothe public anger began with Philippe's climb-down on fuel tax hikes, the first major U-turn of Emmanuel Macron's presidency.
Yet, five days after the worst rioting central Paris has seen since 1968, all signs are that the government has failed to quell the revolt.
A repeat of last Saturday's violence in Paris's city centre would deal a blow to the economy and raise doubts over the government's survival.
Philippe said the state would do all it could to maintain order.
Protesters call for 'Act IV'An official in Macron's office said intelligence suggested some protesters would come to the capital with the aim to "vandalize and kill." There is concern about far-right, anarchist and anti-capitalist groups like the Black Bloc, which have piggybacked on the 'yellow vest' movement.
The Paris prefecture asked local Paris authorities to prepare their districts for violence.
On Facebook and across social media, protesters are calling for "Act IV."
"France is fed up!! We will be there in bigger numbers, stronger, standing up for French people. Meet in Paris on Dec. 8," read one group's banner.
Security sources said the government was considering using troops currently deployed on anti-terrorism patrols to protect public buildings.
The protests, named after the fluorescent safety jackets French motorists have to keep in their cars, erupted in November over the squeeze on household budgets caused by fuel taxes. Demonstrations swiftly grew into a broad, sometimes violent rebellion against Macron, with no formal leader.
Protesters' demands are diverse and include lower taxes, higher salaries, cheaper energy costs, better retirement provisions and even Macron's resignation.
Students block more than 200 high schools
Reversing course on next year's fuel-tax hikes has left a gaping €4 billion ($6 billion Cdn) hole in the government's 2019 budget, which it is searching for ways to plug.
Citing unnamed sources, Les Echos business daily said the government as considering delaying corporate tax easing planned next year or putting off an increase in the minimum wage.
The unrest has exposed the deep-seated resentment among non-city dwellers that Macron is out-of-touch with the hard-pressed middle class and blue-collar workers. They see the 40-year-old former investment banker as closer to big business.
A French poll on Thursday showed that only 23 per cent of people trusted Macron, less than trusted his predecessor François Hollande at the same period in his presidency.
Trouble is also brewing elsewhere for Macron. Teenage students on Thursday blocked access to more than 200 high schools across the country, burned garbage bins and set alight a car in the western city of Nantes. Hundreds of students were arrested after clashes with riot police.
Meanwhile, farmers who have long complained that retailers are squeezing their margins and are furious over a delay to the planned rise in minimum food prices, and truckers are threatening to strike from Sunday.
Le Maire said France was no longer spared from the wave of populism that has swept across Europe.
"It's only that in France, it's not manifesting itself at the ballot box, but in the streets."